Overweight and risk for undernutrition among persons within special accommodations and hospital care – Year 2005 and 2007

Albert Westergren, Karin Petersson, Christina Lindholm, Carolina Axelsson, Kerstin Ulander

    Forskningsoutput: KonferensbidragArbetsdokument

    Sammanfattning

    Rationale: Both undernutrition and overweight have major impacts on morbidity and mortality and are thus important to prevent. This study explores the prevalence of undernutrition and overweight among persons in special accommodations (SAs) and hospital care in the year of 2005 and 2007. Methods: Six hospitals and all of the SAs within six municipalities were involved. In the year of 2005, 2600 (88%) out of 2945 persons agreed to participate in the study, and in 2007 there were 2255 (81%) out of 2784 persons participating. Risk for undernutrition was defined as the occurrence of at least two of the following; involuntary weight loss, Body Mass Index (BMI) below limit (<20 if /=70 yrs) and/or presence of eating difficulties. Overweight was defined based on BMI (if /=25: if >/=70 yrs: BMI >/=27)[1]. Nursing students, clinical tutors and staff collected the data. Results: The mean age and the risk for undernutrition increased significantly in SAs between the two years. The prevalence of overweight increased with three percent in hospitals as well as in SAs although this increase was not statistically significant. Table:

    Percent of persons at risk for undernutrition and with overweight

     

    SAs2005 (n=1726)

    SAs2007 (n=1526)

    P-value

    Hospitals2005 (n=874)

    Hospitals2007 (n=728)

    P-value

     

    Agemean (SD)

    85 (8)

    86 (8)

    <0.001

    69 (18)

    69 (16)

    0.987

    At risk forundernutrition

    27

    35

    <0.001

    27

    28

    0.947

    Overweight

    30

    33

    0.089

    39

    42

    0.182

     

    SAs = Special Accommodations

    Conclusion: The society in general and health care professionals in specific needs to consider not only prevention for persons at risk for undernutrition, but also the prevention for persons becoming overweight. Reference(s) Only 3 Lines maximum: 1. Westergren A, Lindholm C, Axelsson C & Ulander K. Prevalence of eating difficulties and malnutrition among persons within hospital care and special accommodations. The Journal of Nutrition Health and Aging 2008, Vol 12, Number 1, Page 39-43.

    OriginalspråkEngelska
    Sidor160-161
    Antal sidor1
    StatusPublicerad - 2008

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