Preventing lipid oxidation during recovery of functional proteins from herring (Clupea harengus) fillets by an acid solubilization process

I Undeland, G Hall, Karin Wendin, I Gangby, A Rutgersson

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelPeer review

45 Citeringar (Scopus)


It has previously been found that a process based on solubilization at pH 2.7 gives high yields of herring muscle proteins with good functionality. In this study, the development of lipid oxidation during acid processing of herring mince was studied. It was tested how modifications of the process conditions and/or additions of antioxidants could prevent lipid oxidation during the actual process and then during ice storage of the protein isolates. Processing parameters evaluated were prewash of the mince, exposure time to pH 2.7, inclusion or exclusion of a high-speed centrifugation, and addition of antioxidants. Antioxidants tested were erythorbate (0.2%, 9.3 mM), sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP; 0.2%, 5.4 mM), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA; 0.044%, 1.5 mM), and milk proteins (4%). The first three antioxidants were added in the prewash or during the homogenization step, whereas milk proteins were added to the final precipitate. At time 0, all isolates were analyzed for pH, moisture content, and thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS). Selected isolates were also analyzed for lipid and protein content. Stability during ice storage was followed in terms of odor, TBARS, and color (a*/b* values). Extensive lipid oxidation took place using the "control" process without high-speed centrifugation. This was not significantly (p <= 0.05) affected by a prewash or varied exposure time to pH 2.7. Including high-speed centrifugation (20 min, 10000g) significantly (p <= 0.05) reduced TBARS values, total lipids, a* values and b* values. Erythorbate alone, or in combination with STPP/EDTA, significantly (p <= 0.05) reduced lipid oxidation during processing if added in the prewash or homogenization step. During ice storage, better stability was gained when antioxidants were added in both of these steps and when EDTA was used instead of STPP.

Sidor (från-till)5625-5634
Antal sidor9
TidskriftJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
StatusPublicerad - 2005
Externt publiceradJa

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