Toward a crosslinguistic comparison of lexical quanta in speech and writing.

Sven Strömqvist, Victoria Johansson, Sarah Kriz, Hrafnhildur Ragnarsdóttir, Ravid Aisenman, Dorit Ravid

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelPeer review

Sammanfattning

The present study presents contrastive analyses of task-oriented spoken and written discourse in terms of lexical diversity, lexical density, and word length. In an age-matched within-language comparison (Swedish), written discourse consistently scored higher on these measures. It is suggested that the same type of differences will hold for any language, because of the difference between speech and writing in processing constraints. The absolute scores, however, can vary substantially for reasons of language typology. An extended, cross-linguistic analysis (English, Hebrew, Icelandic, Swedish), focusing on word length, was made to substantiate that claim. Further, cross-age-group comparisons of lexical quanta indicated a dynamic interaction between speech and writing in development. Spoken discourse eventually comes to “learn” from the development of writing.
OriginalspråkEngelska
Sidor (från-till)45-67
TidskriftWritten Language and Literacy
Volym5
Nummer1
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2002
Externt publiceradJa

Nationell ämneskategori

  • Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik (60201)

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