Zinc Transporter 8 Autoantibodies and Their Association With SLC30A8 and HLA-DQ Genes Differ Between Immigrant and Swedish Patients With Newly Diagnosed Type 1 Diabetes in the Better Diabetes Diagnosis Study

Ahmed J. Delli, Fariba Vaziri-Sani, Bengt Lindblad, H Elding Larsson, Annellie Carlsson, Gun Forsander, Sten A. Ivarsson, Johnny Ludvigsson, Ingrid Kockum, Claude Marcus, Ulf Samuelsson, Eva Örtqvist, Leif Groop, George P. Bondinas, George K. Papadopoulos, Ake Lernmark

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelPeer review

57 Citeringar (Scopus)

Sammanfattning

We examined whether zinc transporter 8 autoantibodies (ZnT8A; arginine ZnT8-RA, tryptophan ZnT8-WA, and glutamine ZnT8-QA variants) differed between immigrant and Swedish patients due to different polymorphisms of SLC30A8, HLA-DQ, or both. Newly diagnosed autoimmune (>= 1 islet autoantibody) type 1 diabetic patients (n = 2,964, <18 years, 55% male) were ascertained in the Better Diabetes Diagnosis study. Two subgroups were identified: Swedes (n = 2,160, 73%) and immigrants (non-Swedes; n = 212, 7%). Non-Swedes had less frequent ZnT8-WA (38%) than Swedes (50%), consistent with a lower frequency in the non-Swedes (37%) of SLC30A8 CT+TT (RW+WW) genotypes than in the Swedes (54%). ZnT8-RA (57 and 58%, respectively) did not differ despite a higher frequency of CC (RR) genotypes in non-Swedes (63%) than Swedes (46%). We tested whether this inconsistency was due to HLA-DQ as 2/X (2/2; 2/y; y is anything but 2 or 8), which was a major genotype in non-Swedes (40%) compared with Swedes (14%). In the non-Swedes only, 2/X (2/2; 2/y) was negatively associated with ZnT8-WA and ZnT8-QA but not ZnT8-RA. Molecular simulation showed nonbinding of the relevant ZnT8-R peptide to DQ2, explaining in part a possible lack of tolerance to ZnT8-R. At diagnosis in non-Swedes, the presence of ZnT8-RA rather than ZnT8-WA was likely due to effects of HLA-DQ2 and the SLC30A8 CC (RR) genotypes.

OriginalspråkEngelska
Sidor (från-till)2556-2564
Antal sidor8
TidskriftDiabetes
Volym61
Utgåva10
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2012
Externt publiceradJa

Nationell ämneskategori

  • Cell- och molekylärbiologi (30108)

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