Statistics regarding children, who are overweight, shows alarming results in many parts of the world. Overweight may cause serious consequences, as for instance heart- and vascular diseases. Research is pointing out that hereditary, social, behavioural and cultural facts may promote developing overweight and it is of great importance to find out how to prevent overweight and obesity in children and adolescents. The purpose of the literature study was to compile primary and secondary preventions against overweight/obesity in children and adolescents. The result showed that prevention through education, recommendations, healthy eating and exercise may be usable in the work to prevent overweight among children and adolescents. Generally the knowledge increased regarding diet and the importance of physical activity among children and adolescents. On the other side the preventions were not always successful. From the articles, upon which the result is building, it is clear that there was a slight parent cooperation. One of the difficulties in the work to prevent overweight among children, is that the parents shows lack of motivation and involvement and furthermore denial of the problem. Continued research should concentrate upon intervention with increased involvements from the parents.
- Medicin och hälsovetenskap (3)